Documents for thought
One can check out 'food for thought' at:
UHASSO-documents (human rights and humanism)
IHEYO-documents (international youth humanism)
VIOLATION OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS IN UGANDA
SEX SEGREGATION OF OCCUPATION
In Uganda, sex segregation of occupation is still high. Though the country is one of those in the world trying to promote and empower women, the gap is still wide when it comes to job opportunities e.g. the recent appointment of ministers out of sixty nine ministers only fourteen are women which is 20% women representation.
In 2003, Uganda rectified ILO convention No. 100 of 1951 on equal remuneration for men and women for work of equal value and C III of 1958 which promotes equality of opportunity and treatment employment and occupation, as means toward eliminating all discrimination in respect there of. When it comes to implementation the problem remains.
HOW WOMEN ARE SEGREGATED IN OCCUPATIONS WHEN RECRUTING
· First priority is always given to males regardless of the qualifications. Women are looked as babies’ manufacturers who will always go on leave causing a loss to the company.
· Some women are being used by men sexually before giving them employment.
· Most women are employed in lower paying jobs and lower status jobs. This affects women’s status and employment and consequently many social variables such as mortality and mobility, power and income inequalities. It has also left women inferior to men.
· Promotions: most promotions go to men leaving women in the same position with many excuses unless with mutual understanding.
· Education and Training opportunities: Men enjoy the privileges more than women.
· Wage differentials or salary inequalities: Differences in pay within the same occupation and equal qualifications is caused by pure discrimination.
· Retrenchment: Women are always a target; this has kept many women out of wage employment i.e. formal sector and are forced to the informal sector.
In conclusion, occupational segregation by sex will not be totally eliminated but can be reduced. Let women be free to choose their occupation and employers should be considerate when hiring with the ratified ILO conventions and the employment act which was recently passed in parliament we shall be able to bridge the gap only if we can work jointly to implement them. As culture also has a role to play in this unfortunate situation it is our wish that the Domestic Relations Bill whose objective is to reform and consolidate the law relating to marriage.
Separation and divorce for the types of reorganized marriages in Uganda, marital rights and duties, grounds of breakdown of marriage, rights of parties on dissolution of marriage and for other connected purposes be passed so that the marginalization of women in that concept can be solved. All this will be possible if UHESWO embarks on sensitization.